Sustainable Development is about protecting the environment, ending poverty, and social justice. Sustainable development goals came into effect in January 2016, and are applicable till 2030. There are 17 Goals of UN sustainable development. United Nations Development Program is taking the lead role here through its financing program.
The 17 SDGs are as follows
- Ending Poverty
- Zero Hunger
- Good Health and well being
- Quality Education
- Gender Equality
- Clean Water and Sanitation
- Afforestation and Clean Energy
- Decent Work and Economic Growth
- Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
- Reduced Inequalities
- Sustainable Cities and Communities
- Responsible Consumption and Production
- Climate Action
- Life Below water
- Life on Land
- Peace, justice and Strong Communities
- Partnerships for the Goal
These goals are based on three pillars of Sustainability:
All these goals are integrated with each other. If one is affected, there will be some impact on other goals as well.
Initially, these goals were SDGs 2020 (target of achieving was 2020) but later changed to SDGs 2030 (revised target as 2030) due to slow progress towards them. Still, progress towards 2030 goals is slow. According to a UN report, almost all of the targets are responding either slow or not even on the track, due to the ongoing worldwide war on terrorism and conflicts.